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Vol3 Issue1 _2

posted Jan 17, 2019, 5:35 AM by Yaseen Raouf Mohammed   [ updated Mar 25, 2019, 12:44 AM ]
 COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON EFFECTS OF TIMES AND METHODS OF EXTRACTION ON NITROGEN AND PROTEIN % IN DIFFERENT PLANT SEEDS

 Snowber M. Ahmed


 General Science Department College of Basic Education, Salahaddin University -Erbil, kurdistan Region, Iraq

 ABSTRACT.
A laboratory experiment was carried out in College of Science Education University of Salahaddin –Erbil/Iraq to study the effect of times and methods of extraction on nitrogen and protein percentage in different monocot and dicot seeds. The investigation involved two extraction methods, first was the 5:1sulphoric acid and (potassium sulphate +copper sulphate mixture),while the second method was the 1:1 sulphuric acid and hydrogen peroxide extraction method at three durations of time 30mins, 60mins and 90mins, for each method under programmed temperature. However Lowry methods were used for determination of protein. The results indicated that nitrogen content in monocot grains ranged from 1.22 to 1.68% and from 1.32 to 1.96 % in monocot plant for both methods of extraction respectively , while in dicot plant seeds ranged from 1.84 % and 2.43 to 3.15 % and 3.16% respectively. According to the value of coefficient variation the sulphuric acid and hydrogen peroxide method appear to be more accurate in dicot plants, but in monocot plant the sulphuric acid and CuSO4+K2SO4 mixture method was more homogenous in nitrogen determination. . The correlation coefficient show a significant relationship between
the sulphuric acid and hydrogen peroxide method and Lowry method for determination of protein in plants seeds with correlation coefficient determination r2 =0.936**


 Keywords:
Extraction , Nitrogen, Protein, plants and Kjeldahl method.
  
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