Vol2 Paper 13

posted Aug 14, 2018, 3:43 AM by Yaseen Raouf Mohammed   [ updated Sep 4, 2018, 1:56 AM ]
 EFFECTS OF HARDNESS OF DRINKING WATER ON THE FORMATION OF URINARY STONES IN SOME PATIENTS IN SLEMANI PROVINCE


 Razhaw K. Arif

 Chemistry department, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Iraq

 Ahmad M. Abdullah

 Chemistry department, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Iraq

 Ismaeel Hama Ameen Aghaways

 College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Iraq

 ABSTRACT
Urinary tract stone disease is a longstanding medical illness and still a common public health problem. It affects up to 20% of the general population. There are different types of urinary stones, calcium oxalate is the major component of about 80% of all stones. The hardness of drinking water in Slemani province is in high level (180 ppm), this is the major factor of our work to study the effect of it on the urinary stone disease distribution in this region, 60 patients participated with different age, gender, source of water supply. Firstly the stone samples analyzed qualitatively by (kit calculs urinaries), quantitative analysis were also performed using both methods FT-IR and thermal analysis including (TG, DTG and DTA) Results indicates that 85% of stone samples contain calcium oxalate monohydrate COM and calcium oxalate dihydrate COD. These results were improve by performing elemental analysis for stone samples by ICP-OES method which indicate presence of high Ca% also since the water hardness ranged between hard to very hard in Slemani province, we can conclude that water hardness can be considered as a predisposing extrinsic factor which may have positive correlation with urinary stone formation.


 Keywords:
Urinary stone, Hardness of water, Thermal analysis, ICP-OES, FT-IR method.



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