Vol2 Paper 20

posted Aug 26, 2018, 11:55 PM by Yaseen Raouf Mohammed   [ updated Sep 4, 2018, 2:13 AM ]
 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY IN CHAMCHAMAL (DWBRA VALLEY OPEN DUMP), SULAIMANI, KURDISTAN REGION.


 Chrakhan R. Rashid

 General Science Department, College of Education and Natural Sciences, Charmo University, Chamchamal/Sulaimani- Kurdistan Region-Iraq.

 Jamila J. Tahir

 General Science Department, College of Education and Natural Sciences, Charmo University, Chamchamal/Sulaimani- Kurdistan Region-Iraq.

 Omed M. Mustafa

 General Science Department, College of Education and Natural Sciences, Charmo University, Chamchamal/Sulaimani- Kurdistan Region-Iraq.

  ABSTRACT
Waste is any undesired materials around. Municipal solid waste is a category of waste that has an enormous volume. Therefore, some techniques are needed to deal with this huge amount. There are particular methods to manage the unwanted wastes. Dumping (open dump), landfill, incineration, recycling, and compaction are the most well-known ones worldwide. In case of mismanagement of solid waste, many risks can be possible. Environmentally, water, air and soils are likely to be deteriorated. Then, human and animal health could also be harmed by the trash, despite of spreading and increasing the number of some animals such as birds, rats and insects in the area. Finally, visual pollutions are of the major risks in the region.Dwbra Valley open dump in Chamchamal town represents the case study was taken to show the city garbage concerns and how to manage it. Here, the compaction and open dumping methods are used to manage the waste of Chamchamal town. The open dump has many risks to the environment, health, and despite the fact that visually, affected the region. A recyclingtechnique is very close to be established for the dump to minimize its risk. This study outlines this waste dump as a point source of pollution and emphasizes the solution for the endangered area and its surround area.


 KEYWORDS:
Solid waste management, Chamchamal, Dwbra Valley, Pollution, open dump, point source.



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